What is the prognosis of diphtheria?

Updated: Jan 18, 2019
  • Author: Bruce M Lo, MD, MBA, CPE, RDMS, FACEP, FAAEM, FACHE; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

Cardiac involvement is associated with a very a poor prognosis, particularly AV and left bundle-branch blocks (mortality rate 60-90%).

Bacteremic disease carries a mortality rate of 30-40%.

High mortality rate is seen with invasive disease.

High mortality rates are seen in individuals younger than 5 years and in those older than 40 years.


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