What are the risk factors for malignant breast abscesses and masses in men?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Andrew C Miller, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

Risk factors for males are as follows: [36]

  • BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations
  • Klinefelter syndrome: 20- to 50-fold greater lifetime risk
  • Cowden syndrome
  • Hormonal imbalance and increased estrogen levels, including liver disease and testicular abnormalities
  • Environmental exposures, including to ionizing radiation, electromagnetic radiation, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohol, and red meat, have been studied in relation to male breast cancer, but none has convincingly been found to be associated with incidence across studies.

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