Which medications in the drug class Coagulation Factors are used in the treatment of Hemophilia A?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Douglass A Drelich, MD; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

Coagulation Factors

FVIII concentrates replace deficient FVIII in patients with hemophilia A, with the goal of achieving a normal hematologic response to hemorrhage or preventing hemorrhage. Recombinant products should be used initially and subsequently in all newly diagnosed cases of hemophilia that require factor replacement. Agents that bypass FVIII activity in the clotting cascade (eg, activated FVII) are used in patients with FVIII inhibitors.

Antihemophilic factor recombinant (Advate, Adynovate, Afstyla, Eloctate, Helixate FS, Jivi, Kogenate FS, Kovaltry, NovoEight, Nuwiq, Obizur, Recombinate, Xyntha)

These are synthetic products and are the most commonly used form of treatment when the administration of clotting protein factor VIII is indicated. In hemophilia A patients, it temporarily restores hemostasis

Factor VIII, human plasma derived (Monoclate-P, Hemofil M, Koate DVI)

These are pooled plasma products (high purity) with factor VIII, which is necessary for stable clot formation and for maintenance of hemostasis.

Anti-inhibitor coagulant complex (Feiba NF, Feiba VH Immuno)

This agent is a freeze-dried sterile human plasma fraction with FVIII inhibitor bypassing activity. It contains factors II, IX, and X, mainly nonactivated; and FVII, mainly in the activated form. It may shorten the activated partial thromboplastin time of plasma containing factor VIII inhibitors.

Anti-inhibitor coagulant complex is indicated for prevention and control of spontaneous hemorrhage or bleeding during surgical interventions in hemophilia patients who have autoantibodies or alloantibodies to coagulation factors. It is also indicated for routine prophylaxis to prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in patients with hemophilia A or B who have developed inhibitors.

Factor VIIa, recombinant (NovoSeven RT)

Recombinant activated factor (FVIIa) is indicated for the treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with hemophilia A and inhibitors. When complexed with tissue factor, this agent can activate the conversion of coagulation factor X to factor Xa as well as coagulation factor IX to IXa. Factor Xa, in complex with other factors, then converts prothrombin to thrombin, which leads to the formation of a hemostatic plug by converting fibrinogen to fibrin and thereby inducing local hemostasis. This process may also occur on the surface of activated platelets.

Antihemophilic factor/von Willebrand factor complex (Alphanate, Humate P, Wilate)

Antihemophilic Factor (FVIII) and von Willebrand Factor (VWF) are constituents of normal plasma, which are required for clotting. Temporarily increases the plasma level of FVIII, thus minimizing the hazard of hemorrhage in patients with hemophilia A; FVIII is an essential cofactor in activation of Factor X leading to formation of thrombin and fibrin. Indicated for control and prevention of bleeding episodes for hemophilia A in adults and children (brand dependent).


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