Which medications in the drug class Antifibrinolytic Agents are used in the treatment of Hemophilia A?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Douglass A Drelich, MD; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

Antifibrinolytic Agents

These agents are used in addition to factor VIII replacement for oral mucosal hemorrhage and prophylaxis, as the oral mucosa is rich in native fibrinolytic activity. Their use is contraindicated as initial therapies for hemophilia-related hematuria originating from the upper urinary tract because they can cause obstructive uropathy or anuria. They should not be used in combination with prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC).

Epsilon aminocaproic acid (Amicar)

This lysine inhibits fibrinolysis by blocking the binding of plasminogen to fibrin and inhibiting plasminogen and conversion to plasmin, resulting in the inhibition of fibrinolysis. The principal drawbacks of this agent are that thrombi formed during treatment are not lysed, and its effectiveness is uncertain. It has been used to prevent recurrence of subarachnoid hemorrhage.

This agent is widely distributed. Its half-life is 1-2 hours. Peak effect occurs within 2 hours. Hepatic metabolism is minimal.

Tranexamic acid (Cyklokapron, Lysteda)

This agent is an alternative to aminocaproic acid. It inhibits fibrinolysis by displacing plasminogen from fibrin. It also inhibits the proteolytic activity of plasmin.


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