How is pain managed in patients with hemophilia A?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Douglass A Drelich, MD; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

Pain management can be challenging in patients with severe hemophilia. Acute bleeding in joints and soft tissues can be extremely painful. This requires immediate analgesic relief.

Hemophilic chronic arthropathy is painful. Narcotic agents have been used, but their benefit for long-term therapy is limited by side effects, the development of tolerance, and the risk of addiction.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be effective in managing acute and chronic arthritic pain. Although they pose a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, their effects on platelet function are reversible. Avoid aspirin because of its irreversible effect on platelet function. Other analgesics may include acetaminophen in combination with small amounts of codeine or synthetic codeine analogs.


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