Which clinical history is characteristic of acquired hemophilia A?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Douglass A Drelich, MD; Chief Editor: Srikanth Nagalla, MBBS, MS, FACP  more...
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Answer

Acquired hemophilia due to an autoantibody in previously hemostatically normal individuals tends to affect elderly persons who have comorbid conditions, but may also develop post partum. Persons with acquired hemophilia may experience extensive, often life threatening, bleeding before the condition is recognized.

In contrast to persons with severe inherited hemophilia A, in whom joint bleeding is common, patients with acquired hemophilia present with large intramuscular, retroperitoneal, limb, subcutaneous, genitourinary, GI, or excessive postoperative or postpartum bleeding. Bleeding into an extremity can result in findings that are easily confused with deep vein thrombosis. Massive upper extremity bleeding can be precipitated by a simple venipuncture. Bleeding can develop at any site.

Postpartum acquired hemophilia usually comes to attention 2 to 5 months after delivery, when bleeding symptoms supervene. Rarely, the inhibitor may develop during pregnancy.


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