How is orchitis prevented?

Updated: Aug 16, 2017
  • Author: Nataisia Terry, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Answer

Pubertal and postpubertal males who have not received mumps vaccination are more susceptible to the virus and have a high risk of mumps orchitis. [11]

Mumps outbreaks have resulted in substantial increases in cases of orchitis. The mumps outbreak in England in 2004-2005 resulted in an increase in orchitis cases of up to 2 to 2.5 times in some populations (those born in the 1970s and 1980s). In comparison, during the years of low mumps incidence following introduction of the MMR vaccine, mumps-related orchitis was significantly reduced in those who did come down with the disease. [4, 27]

In the Czech Republic, 2-dose vaccinations against mumps showed a significant preventive effect agains the mumps complications of orchitis, meningitis, and encephalitis. However, complications increased with the time interval after vaccination. [28]


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