Which physical findings are characteristic of dehydration in gastroenteritis?

Updated: Feb 10, 2017
  • Author: Arthur Diskin, MD; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
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Answer

Diminished skin turgor, weight loss, resting hypotension and tachycardia, dry mucus membranes, decreased frequency of urination, changes in mental status, and orthostasis can be used to gauge dehydration.

In children, the absence of tears, poor capillary refill, sunken eyes, depressed fontanelles, increased axillary skin folds, and dry diapers all may reflect a dehydrated state.


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