Which cardiac and pulmonary complications are associated with small-bowel obstruction (SBO)?

Updated: Apr 28, 2017
  • Author: Mityanand Ramnarine, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
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Cardiac and pulmonary complications may result from procedures and hospitalization, neurologic complications, thrombosis/embolism, major hemorrhage, incision infection or rupture, and abdominal abscess or fistula formation. They include the following [3, 10] :

  • Pneumonia: Including aspiration, ventilator associated, and/or hospital acquired

  • Bowel ischemia/perforation

  • Peritonitis

  • Acute kidney injury/acute renal failure

  • Surgical complications

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