What factors increase the risk of death due to drowning?

Updated: Jun 19, 2019
  • Author: G Patricia Cantwell, MD, FCCM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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A review of 50 cases of drowning that resulted in litigation noted that many of the deaths resulted from preventable omissions of basic safety methods, such as the following [75, 107] :

  • Leaving young children unattended at water sites

  • Absent or inadequate pool fencing

  • Faulty pool design and poor pool maintenance

  • Poor lifeguard-to-swimmer ratios

  • Poorly trained lifeguards

  • Lifeguard distraction and competing duties

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