What are relevant factors in drowning cases?

Updated: Jun 19, 2019
  • Author: G Patricia Cantwell, MD, FCCM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Relevant factors in drowning cases include the following:

  • Age of the victim

  • Submersion time

  • Water temperature

  • Water tonicity

  • Degree of water contamination

  • Symptoms

  • Associated injuries (especially cervical spine and head)

  • Coincident alcohol or drug use

  • Underlying medical conditions

  • Type and timing of rescue and resuscitation efforts

  • Response to initial resuscitation

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