Which factors increased the mortality risk of smoke inhalation in children?

Updated: Oct 15, 2021
  • Author: Keith A Lafferty, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

In a study by Chou et al of 150 children with CO poisoning who were referred for hyperbaric oxygen therapy, none of the children with CO poisoning alone died, compared with 22.6% of those with the combination of CO poisoning and smoke inhalation. Among children who died, 60% had the following combination of risk factors [37] :

  • Smoke inhalation

  • Low body temperature on arrival in the emergency department

  • High initial carboxyhemoglobin level

  • Respiratory and cardiac arrest in the field


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