What is the prevalence of electrical injuries in the US?

Updated: Mar 09, 2020
  • Author: Tracy A Cushing, MD, MPH, FACEP, FAWM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

Electrical injuries are estimated to cause approximately 500-1000 deaths per year in the United States. [3, 4] They are responsible for 3-5% of all burn unit admissions and cause 2-3% of emergency department burn visits in the pediatric population.

Some evidence exists that the incidence of low-voltage injuries among children is declining, perhaps because of widespread use of ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs), but rates of high-voltage injuries, usually involving power lines or rail sources, has remained steady. [6] Due to the nature of occupational hazards with electricity, electrical injuries represent the fourth leading cause of work-related traumatic death (5-6% of all workers' deaths). [7]


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