Which medications in the drug class Toxoids are used in the treatment of Insect Bites?

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: Boyd (Bo) D Burns, DO, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

Toxoids

These are used for active immunity against tetanus.

Tetanus toxoid adsorbed or fluid

Tetanus toxoid adsorbed or fluid is used to induce active immunity against tetanus in selected patients. The immunizing agents of choice for most adults and children older than 7 years are tetanus and diphtheria toxoids. It is necessary to administer booster doses to maintain tetanus immunity throughout life.

Pregnant patients should receive only tetanus toxoid, not a diphtheria antigen-containing product.

In children and adults, it may be administered into deltoid or midlateral thigh muscles. In infants, the preferred site of administration is the mid thigh laterally.


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