What are the IDSA guidelines for antimicrobial therapy in animal bites?

Updated: Sep 18, 2018
  • Author: Alisha Perkins Garth, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

According to 2014 dog and cat bite treatment guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of America, preemptive early antimicrobial therapy for 3-5 days is recommended for the following patients [27] :

  • Immunocompromised

  • Asplenic

  • Have advanced liver disease

  • Have preexisting or resulting edema in the affected area

  • Have moderate-to-severe injuries (especially to hand and/or face)

  • Have injuries that may have penetrated the periosteum or joint capsule


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