What is the role of antibiotics in the treatment of animal bites?

Updated: Sep 18, 2018
  • Author: Alisha Perkins Garth, MD; Chief Editor: Joe Alcock, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

Use of prophylactic antibiotics is one of most controversial subjects in wound care. Proper wound care (inspection, debridement, irrigation, closure if indicated) reduces infection more than antibiotics. In general, low-risk wounds do not require prophylactic antibiotics. However, therapy is recommended for high-risk wounds (eg, cat bites that are a true puncture, bites to the hand, massive crush injury, late presentation, poor general health). [26]


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