What is the role of serum osmolarity in the diagnosis of hyponatremia?

Updated: Dec 28, 2018
  • Author: Kartik Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Serum osmolarity is helpful in establishing the diagnosis of true hyposmolar hyponatremia. Serum osmolarity is abnormally low in patients with hyposmolar hyponatremia, but it is normal in patients with pseudohyponatremia due to hyperlipidemia or hyperproteinemia and normal or elevated in patients with hypertonic hyponatremia due to serum hyperglycemia.


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