What causes hypervolemic hyponatremia?

Updated: Dec 28, 2018
  • Author: Kartik Shah, MD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Hypervolemic hyponatremia occurs when sodium stores increase inappropriately. This may result from renal causes such as acute or chronic renal failure, when dysfunctional kidneys are unable to excrete the ingested sodium load. It also may occur in response to states of decreased effective intravascular volume. History of hepatic cirrhosis, congestive heart failure, or nephrotic syndrome, in which patients are subject to insidious increases in total body sodium and free water stores

  • Uncorrected hypothyroidism or cortisol deficiency (adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism)

  • Consumption of large quantities of beer or use of the recreational drug MDMA (ecstasy)


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