Which medications in the drug class Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of Peritonsillar Abscess in Emergency Medicine?

Updated: Sep 03, 2020
  • Author: Jorge Flores, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids may be indicated to decrease inflammation.

Dexamethasone (Baycadron, Decadron, Dexamethasone Intensol)

Dexamethasone, a potent glucocorticoid for which mineralocorticoid activity is minimal to absent, reduces inflammation through suppression of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) migration and reduction of capillary permeability. It also inhibits prostaglandin and proinflammatory cytokines.

Prednisone (Deltasone, Prednisone Intensol, Rayos)

Prednisone, a glucocorticoid with mild mineralocorticoid activity and moderate anti-inflammatory effects, reduces inflammation through suppression of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) migration and reduction of capillary permeability. It also inhibits prostaglandin and proinflammatory cytokines.


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