What are risk factors for gingivitis?

Updated: Jan 18, 2018
  • Author: James M Stephen, MD, FAAEM, FACEP; Chief Editor: Jeff Burgess, DDS, MSD  more...
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Risk factors

  • Use of tobacco or ethanol is thought to be a risk factor.

  • Immune incompetence is observed more frequently in HIV-infected children. As their CD4 counts decline, incidence of gingivitis may increase. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of gingivitis and periodontitis.

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