How are recurrences prevented in epiglottitis?

Updated: Apr 28, 2020
  • Author: Sandra G Gompf, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Epiglottic abscess may occur, which may or may not benefit from aspiration. [31]

Close contacts of patients in whom Haemophilus influenzae type b is isolated should receive rifampin prophylaxis (20 mg/kg; not to exceed 600 mg/d for 4 d).

Although H influenzae vaccine is available, it is not 100% effective.

Occurrence of recurrent episodes of acute epiglottitis in adults is unusual and, when present, warrants immune system investigation, because a quantitative or specific antibiotic deficiency may be present. Treatment of patients with recurrent acute epiglottitis may involve immunization or antibody replacement.

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