What are the airway management options in cases of epiglottitis?

Updated: Apr 28, 2020
  • Author: Sandra G Gompf, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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A patient in extremis requires immediate airway management. Patients may deteriorate precipitously, and airway equipment, including that for cricothyrotomy, should be present at the patient's bedside. Needle-jet insufflation (also known as percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation [PTJV]) may also be considered to ventilate the patient temporarily. [5] Intubation or immediate formal tracheostomy or cricothyrotomy may be performed in the operating room if the case is less severe.

In cases of initial failure to intubate by direct laryngoscopy, PTJV may facilitate success in subsequent attempts at tracheal intubation by direct laryngoscopy.

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