What is the long-term monitoring of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) who do not require inpatient treatment?

Updated: Dec 31, 2017
  • Author: Everett Stephens, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Patients who have significant PVD but whose illness is not so severe or acute that it requires inpatient treatment may be discharged with appropriate follow-up. However, counsel these patients regarding the potential effects of various activities and medications on the course of their illness. Advise patients to stop smoking and to avoid cold exposures and medications that can lead to vasoconstriction, including medications used for migraines and over-the-counter medications.

Some recreational drugs (eg, cocaine) may have a deleterious effect on peripheral arterial tone, and beta-blockers may exacerbate the condition.

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