What are less common causes of peripheral vascular disease (PVD)?

Updated: Dec 31, 2017
  • Author: Everett Stephens, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Answer

Other etiologies for developing PVD may include phlebitis, injury or surgery, and autoimmune disease, including vasculitides, arthritis, or coagulopathy. PVD rarely exhibits an acute onset; it instead manifests a more chronic progression of symptoms. Patients with acute emboli causing limb ischemia may have new or chronic atrial fibrillation, valvular disease, or recent myocardial infarction (MI), whereas a history of claudication, rest pain, or ulceration suggests thrombosis of existing PVD. Radiation-induced PAD is becoming more common, perhaps because of the efficacy of current antineoplastic treatment and increased survival. [8]


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