Is the prognosis of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) different for men and women?

Updated: Dec 31, 2017
  • Author: Everett Stephens, MD; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Answer

Female sex appears to have an effect on outcomes after lower-extremity interventions for peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In a retrospective study (2004-2009) evaluating data from 12,379 patients (41% women) in 16 centers participating in the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan Cardiovascular Consortium PVI registry who underwent these procedures, female sex was associated with a higher rate of vascular complications, transfusions, and embolism, but no differences wer eseen for inpatient mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke or transient ischemic attack. [3] Despite the higher complication rates in women, the investigators reported similar overall procedural success rates between the sexes.


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