Which funduscopic findings are characteristic of venous air embolism (VAE)?

Updated: Dec 30, 2017
  • Author: Brenda L Natal, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Funduscopic examination may reveal ophthalmologic signs such as air bubbles in the retinal vessels. [18]

Dermatologic evaluation may reveal crepitus over superficial vessels (rarely seen in setting of massive air embolus) and/or livedo reticularis.

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