Which procedures can cause venous air embolism (VAE) due a pressure gradient for airway entry?

Updated: Dec 30, 2017
  • Author: Brenda L Natal, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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VAE may also result from the iatrogenic creation of a pressure gradient for air entry. Procedures causing such a pressure gradient include lumbar puncture (case report), [1, 23]  peripheral intravenous lines, [1]  and central venous catheters. [2, 3, 22, 29]

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