When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of acute aortic dissection (AAD)?

Updated: Nov 09, 2018
  • Author: John M Wiesenfarth, MD, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Answer

Symptomatic patients require care at a facility equipped to perform cardiopulmonary bypass with aortic and/or valvular repair.

Contact the receiving physician as soon as possible to transfer patients before their condition deteriorates.

Early airway management is indicated in the presence of hemoptysis or stridor.

If coronary insufficiency is suspected, nitrates may be used, but therapy with thrombolytic agents and aspirin should be avoided.

Patients should be monitored and accompanied by personnel capable of resuscitation.

If a prolonged ground transport time is anticipated, consider air transport.


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