What is the role of invasive contrast venography in the evaluation of superficial thrombophlebitis?

Updated: Apr 17, 2019
  • Author: Khanjan H Nagarsheth, MD, MBA; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Answer

Invasive contrast venography, once the criterion standard for evaluation of the venous system, has fallen out of favor because of its invasiveness, as well as its use of ionizing radiation and IV contrast. In addition, it can lead to venous scarring and thrombophlebitis. If information on the pelvic veins or iliac venous outflow tract is required, CT venography, if available, is usually preferable.


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