What is the prognosis of phlegmasia alba dolens (PAD) and phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD)?

Updated: Aug 13, 2018
  • Author: Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar, MD, MS, FACS; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Despite all the therapeutic modalities currently available (see Treatment), PCD and venous gangrene remain life-threatening and limb-threatening conditions, with overall mortality in the range of 20-40%. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is responsible for 30% of the deaths reported from PCD. Overall, amputation rates of 12-50% have been reported among survivors. The postphlebitic sequelae are apparent in 60-94% of survivors. Strict adherence to the use of long-term compression stockings helps control chronic edema. [10, 4]

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