What is phlegmasia alba dolens (PAD)?

Updated: Aug 13, 2018
  • Author: Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar, MD, MS, FACS; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Answer

Phlegmasia stems from a Greek term (phlegma) meaning inflammation. It has been used in the medical literature in reference to extreme cases of lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that cause critical limb ischemia and possible limb loss. Phlegmasia alba dolens (PAD) describes the patient with swollen and white leg because of early compromise of arterial flow secondary to extensive DVT. This condition is also known as “milk leg,” especially as it affects women in the third trimester of pregnancy or post partum.


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