What is the role of echocardiography in the workup of cholesterol embolism syndrome?

Updated: Oct 25, 2019
  • Author: Lisa Kirkland, MD, FACP, FCCM, MSHA; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is an increasingly well accepted imaging tool for detecting atheromatous lesions in the ascending and thoracic aorta. [7, 8, 9, 10] Protruding mobile atheromatous masses have been associated with a higher incidence of stroke or cholesterol embolism in patients who undergo cardiac bypass or patients who receive anticoagulants. TEE may eventually be performed in all patients undergoing bypass before aortic cannulation. It also may be performed in all patients with ischemic stroke with an unclear etiology.

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