What are the treatment options for thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) (Buerger disease)?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Naiem Nassiri, MD; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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Except for absolute tobacco avoidance, no forms of therapy are definitive for thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO; also known as Buerger disease). [13] There is some support for a few pharmacologic approaches, but for the most part, such approaches are ineffective. Surgical revascularization usually is not feasible, because of the lack of a distal target for revascularization. Endovascular options for treatment of occlusive lesions are growing in popularity. [14, 15, 16] Patients may require one or more amputations.

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