Which conditions should be included in the differential diagnoses of thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) (Buerger disease)?

Updated: Jul 27, 2020
  • Author: Naiem Nassiri, MD; Chief Editor: Vincent Lopez Rowe, MD  more...
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In addition to the conditions listed in the differential diagnosis, other problems to be considered include the following:

  • Acrocyanosis

  • Peripheral neuropathy

  • Ergotism

  • Livedo reticularis

  • Trauma

  • CREST (calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal motility disorder, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia) syndrome

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

  • Rheumatoid vasculitis

  • Kawasaki disease

  • Wegener granulomatosis

  • Mixed connective-tissue disease

  • Antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome

  • Hyperhomocysteinemia with atherosclerosis

  • Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

  • Repetitive vibratory equipment use

  • Hypothenar hammer syndrome

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