What is the role of gram-positive organisms in the etiology of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP)?

Updated: Jan 15, 2019
  • Author: Samantha D Kraemer, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

The gram-positive organisms that typically colonize the anterior urethra (ie, Staphylococcus epidermitis, S saprophyticus, Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and Bacteroides) may represent contamination when present in a culture specimen, and their role in prostatic inflammation remains unclear. Patients with these bacteria, even when localized to prostate specimens, are currently considered to have CPPS, but this may change as understanding of prostatic bacterial pathogenicity evolves. [1]


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