What is the role of PET scan in the workup of metastatic and advanced prostate cancer?

Updated: Dec 29, 2020
  • Author: Martha K Terris, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Fluciclovine F 18 (Axumin) was approved in May 2016 for PET imaging in men with suspected prostate cancer recurrence. Approval was based on a comparative trial with 11C-choline. Sensitivities for 11C-choline and fluciclovine F 18 were 32% vs 37%, specificities 40% vs 67%, accuracies 32% vs 38%, and positive predictive values (PPVs) 90% vs 97%. [10] In a second trial, the diagnostic performance of fluciclovine PET/CT in recurrent prostate cancer was superior to that of CT, and fluciclovine PET/CT provided better delineation of prostatic from extraprostatic recurrence. [11]

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