What are the molecular markers for urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis and ureters?

Updated: Aug 07, 2020
  • Author: Kyle A Richards, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Tumor microsatellite instability (MSI) has been studied as a prognostic indicator for upper urinary tract tumors. In general, high levels of MSI seem to correlate with a more favorable prognosis, particularly in younger patients with T2 or T3/N0 disease (see Staging). [4, 5]

E-cadherin, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α, Ki-67, survivin (a protein apoptosis inhibitor), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and telomerase RNA component have been identified as independent markers of advanced disease and/or prognosis. However, none has been externally validated or widely used. [6, 7, 8, 9] In a multivariate analysis, P53 was not an independent predictor of prognosis. [10]

Survivin was recently measured in the urine of patients with TCC of the bladder and was found to be highly sensitive and specific for the presence of this malignancy. [11]

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