What is the role of cystoscopy and urethroscopy in the workup of urinary incontinence?

Updated: Jan 22, 2021
  • Author: Sandip P Vasavada, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Cystourethroscopy allows an anatomical assessment of the bladder and the urethra. The precise role of cystourethroscopy in the evaluation of female urinary incontinence is controversial.

The general agreement is that cystoscopy is indicated for patients with persistent irritative voiding symptoms or hematuria, persistent postoperative incontinence, voiding dysfunction, and findings suggestive of a diverticulum or fistula. Obvious causes of bladder overactivity, such as cystitis, stone, and tumor, can be easily diagnosed. This information is important in determining the etiology of the incontinence and may influence treatment decisions.

Go to Cystoscopy and Urethroscopy in the Assessment of Urinary Incontinence for more information on this topic.

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