What is the role of urine cytology in the workup of urinary incontinence?

Updated: Jan 22, 2021
  • Author: Sandip P Vasavada, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Patients with carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder experience urinary frequency and urgency and show evidence of microscopic hematuria. Irritative voiding symptoms disproportionate to the overall clinical picture and/or persistent unexplained hematuria warrant urine cytology and cystoscopy. Other potential indications for this testing include bladder lesions and masses visible on cystourethroscopy.

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