What causes a relapse of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) following radical nephrectomy?

Updated: Feb 05, 2019
  • Author: Richard A Santucci, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Predictors of relapse include symptomatic disease, high Fuhrman grade of tumor, high pathological stage, microvascular invasion, and necrosis. In these patients, neither postnephrectomy radiation therapy nor adjuvant interferon-alpha administration delays relapse or increases overall survival rates compared with observation alone. Therefore, observation remains the standard of care following radical nephrectomy for renal cell cancer.

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