What is the role of inferior and superior venacavography in the preoperative workup for partial nephrectomy nephron-sparing surgery (NSS)?

Updated: Mar 31, 2019
  • Author: Reza Ghavamian, MD; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Inferior and superior venacavography are not generally needed in the era of modern imaging. Furthermore, preoperative imaging modalities must delineate the relationship of the tumor to the normal surrounding parenchyma to allow for safe and adequate tumor excision while preserving maximal normal renal parenchyma.

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