What is included in long-term monitoring following partial cystectomy?

Updated: Apr 03, 2019
  • Author: E Jason Abel, MD; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Answer

Careful monitoring of all patients with bladder cancer is mandatory as bladder cancer frequently recurs. Cystoscopy should be performed every three months initially with voided urine cytology and frequent imaging.

Upper urothelial tract imaging with IVP, CT urography, or retrograde pyelography is also necessary although recurrence in the upper tract is less common. A precise surveillance schedule should be determined on an individual basis, and patients with high-grade tumors should be monitored for disease recurrence and progression for life.

For excellent patient education resources, see eMedicineHealth's patient education article Bladder Cancer.


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