What is the USPSTF recommendation for bladder cancer screening?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Kara N Babaian, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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In 2019, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concluded that the evidence was insufficient to determine the balance of benefits and harms of screening for bladder cancer in asymptomatic adults. Although adults with mild lower urinary tract symptoms (eg, urinary frequency, hesitancy, urgency, dysuria, nocturia) are not strictly asymptomatic, these symptoms are common and are not believed to be associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer. The USPSTF considered it reasonable to include these persons in the population under consideration for screening. Adults with gross hematuria or acute changes in lower urinary tract symptoms were not included in this population. [147]

No major organization recommends screening for bladder cancer in asymptomatic adults. In 2011, the American Academy of Family Physicians endorsed the USPSTF recommendation. [148]  The American Cancer Society states that prompt attention to bladder symptoms is the best approach for finding bladder cancer in its earliest, most treatable stages in persons with no known risk factors. [149]

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