What is the diagnostic strategy for patients with negative cystoscopy for bladder cancer?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Kara N Babaian, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Answer

The diagnostic strategy for patients with negative cystoscopy is as follows:

  • Negative urine cytology and FISH - Routine follow-up
  • Negative urine cytology, positive FISH - Increased frequency of surveillance
  • Positive urine cytology, positive or negative FISH - Cancer until proven otherwise

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