What is the role of urinary cytology in the diagnosis of bladder cancer?

Updated: Feb 23, 2021
  • Author: Kara N Babaian, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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Urinary cytology:

  • Standard noninvasive diagnostic method
  • Low sensitivity for low-grade and early stage cancers
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) may improve the accuracy of cytology

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