What is involved in open prostatectomy for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Open prostatectomy requires hospitalization and involves the use of general/regional anesthesia and a lower abdominal incision. The inner core of the prostate (adenoma), which represents the transition zone, is shelled out, thus leaving the peripheral zone behind. This procedure may involve significant blood loss, necessitating transfusion. Open prostatectomy usually has an excellent outcome in terms of improvement of urinary flow and urinary symptoms.

More recently, laparoscopic simple prostatectomy has been performed at a number of institutions and appears to be feasible. However, prostatectomy performed in this fashion still appears to be associated with risk for significant blood loss. Experience to date with this procedure is limited. [46]

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