When is cystoscopy indicated in the workup of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Cystoscopy may be indicated in patients scheduled for invasive treatment or in whom a foreign body or malignancy is suspected. In addition, endoscopy may be indicated in patients with a history of sexually transmitted disease (eg, gonococcal urethritis), prolonged catheterization, or trauma. Findings may suggest urethral stricture as the cause of BOO, instead of BPH.

Flexible cystoscopy can be easily performed in several minutes in an office-based setting using topical gel-based intraurethral anesthesia without sedation. The appearance of the gland alone on cystoscopy cannot make the diagnosis of obstruction but can help the clinician decide on treatment modalities if intervention is warranted.

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