What are the AUA guidelines on the assessment and workup of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

A medical history should be taken to qualify and quantify voiding dysfunction. Identification of other causes of voiding dysfunction and medical comorbidities are essential to properly assess the condition and to determine conditions that may complicate treatment.

The physical examination consists of a focused physical examination and a neurologic examination. The physical examination includes a DRE to measure prostate size and to assess for abnormalities. The neurological examination is geared toward lower-extremity neurologic and muscular function, as well as anal sphincter tone. Examination of the phallus and foreskin occasionally reveals meatal stenosis, unretractable foreskin, penile ulcers, or foreign bodies such as warts.

PSA testing should be offered to any patient with a 10-year life expectancy in whom the diagnosis of prostate cancer would change management.

The severity of BPH can be determined with the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS)/American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI) plus a disease-specific quality of life (QOL) question. The AUA-SI for BPH is a set of 7 questions that has been adopted worldwide and yields reproducible and quantifiable information regarding symptoms and response to treatment. Questions concern incomplete emptying, frequency, intermittency, urgency, weak stream, straining, and nocturia.

The IPSS uses the same 7 questions as the AUA-SI, with the addition of an eighth question, known as the bother score, which is designed to assess perceived disease-specific QOL. The International Prostate Symptom Score">AUA-SI/IPSS questionnaire is available online. Based on the sum of the score for all 8 questions, patients are classified as 0-7 (mildly symptomatic), 8-19 (moderately symptomatic), or 20-35 (severely symptomatic).


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