When is prostate-specific antigen testing indicated in the workup of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Although BPH does not cause prostate cancer, men at risk for BPH are also at risk for prostate cancer and should be screened accordingly. Screening for prostate cancer remains controversial and should done after an informed discussion between the physician and patient.

The current American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline for early detection of prostate cancer stresses the importance of involving men in the decision whether to test for prostate cancer. [7] The ACS notes that PSA testing may reduce the likelihood of dying from prostate cancer but poses serious risks, particularly of treatment of prostate cancer that would not have caused ill effects if left undetected.

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