What is the patient education for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Patients should be informed that the following lifestyle changes may help relieve symptoms of BPH:

  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine
  • Avoid drinking fluids at bedtime; drink smaller amounts throughout the day
  • Avoid taking decongestant and antihistamine medications
  • Get regular exercise
  • Make a habit of going to the bathroom when theyhave the urge
  • Practice double voiding (empty the bladder, wait a moment, then try again)
  • Practice stress management and relaxation techniques

Patients should be warned that if they become unable to urinate, they are at risk for permanent kidney or bladder injury and need to go to a hospital emergency department.

For patient education information, see Enlarged Prostate (BPH) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment.

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